Mogadishu(Somali:Muqdisho, popularly Xamar; Arabic:مقديشو) is the largest city in Somalia and the nation's capital. Located in the coastal Benadir region on the Somali Sea, the city has served as an important port for centuries. Prior to thecivil war, Mogadishu was known as the White pearl of the Indian Ocean.
Let’s explore the best things to do in Mogadishu:
1: Mosque of Islamic Solidarity
The Mosque of Islamic Solidarity was constructed in 1987 with financial support from the Saudi Fahd bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud Foundation. It is the main mosque in Somalia's capital city, and an iconic building in Somali society.
Following the start of the civil war in the early 1990s, the masjid closed down. It was later reopened in 2006 by the Islamic Courts Union, which began raising funds from the business community for intended renovations of parts of the building.
In 2015, the Federal Government of Somalia completed formal refurbishments on the mosque's infrastructure.
Capacity and location:
In 2012–2013, the mosque was renovated and rehabilitated by the Starsom Group, a local Somali contractor, under the funding of Turkiye Diyanet Foundation, a non-profit, non-governmental Turkish organization.
2. Lido Beach (Secondo)
Lido Beach (Somali: Xeebta Liido) is a beach in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu, which overlooks the Somali Sea. The name Lido derives from the Italian word for "beach". Lido is also very popular amongst locals.
After prolonged decades of war and anarchy in the capital, from 1991 the beach fell into disuse.
Today, hundreds of families come to relax on Mogadishu's coastline each weekend. People stay out at Lido Beach way past dusk to watch the beautiful night skyline and the deep blue ocean. This is a perfect place to get the fresh perspective of a rediscovered Somalia.
Somalia has the longest coastline in Africa with 3100 km along the Indian Ocean, which is home to attractive beaches valuable for tourism. To make Somalia one of the biggest entertaining and tourist destination spots in Africa, Lido Beach has seafood restaurants, hotels, and parks.
The Somali diaspora plays an important role in recovering Mogadishu, building new luxury downtown and beaches like the village, Ocean restaurant, Beder restaurant, Lido seafood restaurant, City Palace and many more that attract international tourists. There are many newly established businesses here.
3. Tomb of the unknown soldier Mogadishu
TheTomb of the Unknown Soldier refers to a monument dedicated to the services of an unknown soldier and to the common memories of all soldiers killed in any war. Such tombs can be found in many nations and are usually high-profile national monuments. Throughout history, many soldiers have died in war with their remains being unidentified. Following World War I, a movement arose to commemorate these soldiers with a single tomb, containing the body of one such unidentified soldier.
History: France and the United Kingdom
During the First World War, the British and French armies who were allies during the war jointly decided to bury soldiers themselves. In the UK, under the Imperial War Graves Commission (now Commonwealth War Graves Commission), the Reverend David Railton had seen a grave marked by a rough cross while serving in the British Army as a chaplain on the Western Front, which bore the pencil-written legend "An Unknown British Soldier".
He suggested (together with the French in their own country) the creation at a national level of a symbolic funeral and burial of an "Unknown Warrior", proposing that the grave should in the UK include a national monument in the form of what is usually, but not in this particular case, a headstone.
The idea received the support of the Dean of Westminster, Prime Minister David Lloyd George, and later from King George V, responding to a wave of public support. At the same time, a similar concern grew in France. In November 1916, a local officer of Le Souvenir français proposed the idea of burying "an unknown soldier" in the Panthéon. A formal bill was presented in Parliament in November 1918. The decision was voted into law on September 1919.
The United Kingdom and France conducted services connected with their 'monumental' graves (as presumably newly conceived, and in any case approved, by their respective armies) on Armistice Day 1920 (the burial itself taking place later in January of the following year in France). In the UK, the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior was created at Westminster Abbey, while in France La tombe du soldat inconnu was placed in the Arc de Triomphe.
4. Jazeera Beach
Here, thousands of people gather to relax on weekends as part of Somali seagoing culture. The Jazeera Beach just a few kilometres south of the capital has gained popularity with the returning diaspora with hotels, restaurants, and boat riding springing up everywhere. This employs hundreds of youth and stimulates both the local tourism industry and the economy.
International tourists mostly from Turkey, America, the UK, Italy, Germany, and Malaysia visit Jazeera Beach. The beach offers tourists the chance to see the animal market in Jazeera where camels, cows, goats, sheep and wildlife are sold, as well as the salt mining processes located there. The features of the beach include a small island which can be accessed by tourists by renting a boat.
The Indian Ocean coastline here features some of the most impressive beaches in the world. With pure sand, temperate waters and abundant wildlife, diaspora returnees and foreign investors are keen to develop this waterfront beach into a popular tourist destination.
A dry, hot climate is typical in this eastern African city. Rainy days come rarely to Mogadishu, and the wettest weather occurs from May through August.
The beach has also been plagued with people dumping their trash on parts of the beach.
5. Bakaara Market
The Bakaara Market (Somali: Suuqa Bakaaraha) is an open market in Mogadishu, Somalia. It is the largest in the nation. The name Bakaaraha is derived from the Somali word for grain silo or storage, baqaar.
The market was created in late 1972 during the reign of Mohamed Siad Barre. Proprietors sell daily essentials, including maize, sorghum, beans, peanuts, sesame, wheat and rice, petrol and medicine.
It is famous for illicit activities, such as forged Somali passports processed within minutes, Ethiopian and Kenyan passports, and other forged documents, including birth certificates and university diplomas. This illicit sub-market is known as Cabdalle Shideeye after one of its first proprietors.
Battle of Mogadishu
In October 1993, the market was the site of the Battle of Mogadishuor the Battle of the Black Sea. 2 of the 5 U.S.Black Hawkhelicopters were downed in the area, which led to a fierce firefight that lasted all night.