Mogadishu was one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Mogadishu is the capital of the African country of Somalia, besieged by a civil war since 1991.
Mgoadishu Situated on the Indian Ocean, Mogadishu, locally known as Xamar or Hamar, is a historic center of trade, commerce, and culture in the region. Mogadishu was under African and Arabic control until Italy and the UK colonized Somalia in the late 19th century. Mogadishu was established as the capital of Somalia when the country claimed its independence in 1960.
Somalia joined the Arab League in 1974, a regional confederation of Middle Eastern states, but political turmoil, assassinations, and Soviet influence eventually led to governmental collapse in the 1980s and a civil war in 1991. The United Nations sent a peacekeeping mission to restore order, and in 1992, the US military entered Somalia to attempt humanitarian aid.
In 1993, two Black Hawk US military helicopters were shot down by Somali militants over Mogadishu, and the mission to retrieve the pilots resulted in the deaths of several hundred Somali militia members and civilians as well as 18 Americans. The conflict is called the Battle of Mogadishu, more commonly known as Black Hawk Down, from the title of a book (1999) and film (2001) on the subject.
What is Mogadishu famous for?
By the time of the Moroccan traveller Ibn Battuta's appearance on the Somali coast in 1331, the city was at the zenith of its prosperity. He described Mogadishu as "an exceedingly large city" with many rich merchants, which wasf amous for its high quality fabric that it exported to Egypt, among other places.
Who founded Mogadishu?
The Sultanate of Mogadishu was established by Sultan Abubakar ibn Fakr ad-Din in the 9th century. He built the historical mosque in the year 869 C.E. in Mogadishu. Ajuran (clan) was first established administration 1320 with help of khalifa Osmania.
Where is the fastest growing city in the world?
The fastest growing city in the world is Batam in Indonesia … or Niamey in Niger … or maybe Xiamen in China. It all depends on who you ask.
Batam is the fastest-growing city in the world by population, according to US-based consultancy Demographia, which bases its annual Demographia World Urban Areas ranking largely on the United Nations’ 2010-20 world population forecasts – but only includes cities with a population of 1 million or more. Batam is close to Singapore and operates as a transport hub and industrial area, while a free-trade zone boosts trade with the island city-state. Batam had a population of 1.1 million in the latest estimate, with an annual growth of 7.4%.
Second on Demographia’s ranking is Mogadishu in Somalia, with a population of 2.1 million, growing at 6.9%. Mogadishu’s growth is driven by its improving security situation and economic prospects after decades of civil war – many Somalis have returned from abroad.
In third place is Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso, with a population of 2.7 million and growth of 6.8%. The country as a whole is vulnerable to fluctuations in commodity prices, but its capital is benefiting from investment in infrastructure.
Mogadishu today (2020)