Somalia government - Somger - Best Travel Guides


Somalia, easternmost country of Africa, on the Horn of Africa. It extends from just south of the Equator northward to the Gulf of Aden and occupies an important geopolitical position between sub-Saharan Africa and the countries o fArabia and southwestern Asia. The capital,Mogadishu, is located just north of the Equator on the Indian Ocean.


The Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) (Somali: Dowladda Federaalka Soomaaliya, Arabic: حكومة الصومال الاتحادية‎) is the internationally recognised government of Somalia, and the first attempt to create a central government in Somalia since the collapse of the Somali Democratic Republic. It replaced the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia on 20 August 2012 with the adoption of the Constitution of Somalia.


It officially comprises the executive branch of government, with the parliament serving as the legislative branch. It is headed by the President of Somalia, to whom the Council of Ministers reports through the Prime Minister.

Structure

The national constitution lays out the basic way in which the government is to operate. It was passed on June 23, 2012, after several days of deliberation between Somali federal and regional politicians. To come into effect, the constitution must be ratified by the new parliament.

Under the new constitution, Somalia, now officially known as the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a federation.


Executive branch

The President is elected by the Parliament. He or she serves as the head of stateand chooses the Prime Minister, who serves as the head of government and leads the Council of Ministers. According to Article 97 of the constitution, most executive powers of the Somali government are vested in the Council of Ministers.


The incumbent President of Somalia is Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed. Hassan Ali Khayre is the national Prime Minister.

Villa Somalia

Villa Somalia (Somali: Madaxtooyada Soomaaliya,Arabic:فيلا الصومال‎) is a building inMogadishu, the capital ofSomalia. It serves as theofficial residentialpalaceand principal workplace of thePresident of Somalia.


The edifice was built—in partially modern art deco style—by the colonial authorities in Italian Somaliland, serving as a residence for the Governors.


Villa Somalia (originally called Villa del Vicere' when inaugurated in October 1936) was on high ground that overlooked Italian Mogadishu on the Indian Ocean, with access to both the harbour and Petrella airport. It was originally a large, squarish stucco building with a tiled roof.


The edifice was built in the new section of the city (developed by the Italians in the late 1930s) and it was a famous symbol of modernist (art deco) architecture.


The story of Mogadishu’s Modernist buildings begins during the time of Italian colonial rule. Unlike Asmara in Eritrea and Tripoli in Libya, where the Italians built their colonial city alongside the native walled town, in Mogadishu the walls of the old medina were torn down and the occupiers’ buildings imposed in the city centre.....Another prominent building of the period is Villa Somalia, an Art Deco palace which served as the residence of the Italian governor.....it is still in good condition today, thanks to the fact that it remained the seat of whoever was internationally recognised as the leader of Somalia, with all the security that entailed. –Rakesh Ramchum

Following independence in 1960, the building became the presidential palace of the President of the Somali Republic. After the start of the civil war and the overthrow of the Siad Barre administration in the early 1990s, various local faction leaders fought for control of and installed themselves in the residence.


On 8 January 2007, Transitional Federal Government President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed entered Mogadishu for the first time since being elected to office. The government subsequently relocated to Villa Somalia from its interim location at Baidoa.

Today, it is the office of the President of Somalia Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed.

Council of Ministers

The Council is formally known as the Council of Ministers of the Federal Government of Somalia but sometimes referred to as the Cabinet. Its members are appointed by the Prime Minister.


Parliament of Somalia

TheFederal Parliament of Somaliaelects the President and Prime Minister, and has the authority to pass andvetolaws. It is bicameral, and consists of a 275-seat lower houseas well as an upper house capped at 54 representatives. By law, at least 30% of all MPs must be women.


The current Members of parliament were selected by a Technical Selection Committee, which was tasked with vetting potential legislators that were in turn nominated by a National Constituent Assembly consisting of elders. The current Speaker of the Federal Parliament is Mohamed Mursal Sheikh Abdurahman who was elected on 30 April 2018.


He previously served as Minister of Defence (Somalia) as well as Minister of Energy and Water Resources, Minister of National Assets and Public Procurement deputy district commissioner of Baidoa District of Somalia, and member of the Transitional Federal Parliament.


He was also the Ambassador of the Somali Federal Republic to the Republic of Turkey,. He was born in Baidoa.

On December 12, 2018, it was reported that Mursal had relocated from his residence inside Villa Somalia, to a house near the airport as disputes with his deputies over impeachment of President Mohamed Farmaajo and the fate of the House Budget Committee continued.


Judiciary

The national court structure is organized into three tiers: the Constitutional Court, Federal Government level courts and Federal Member State level courts. A nine-member Judicial Service Commission appoints any Federal tier member of the judiciary. It also selects and presents potential Constitutional Court judges to the House of the People of the Federal Parliament for approval.


If endorsed, the President appoints the candidate as a judge of the Constitutional Court. The five-member Constitutional Court adjudicates issues pertaining to the constitution, in addition to various Federal and sub-national matters.


Council of Ministers of Somalia

The Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) (Somali: Dowladda Federaalka Soomaaliya, Arabic: حكومة الصومال الاتحادية‎) is the internationally recognised government of Somalia, and the first attempt to create a central government in Somalia since the collapse of the Somali Democratic Republic.


It replaced the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia on 20 August 2012 with the adoption of the Constitution of Somalia.


It officially comprises the executive branch of government, with the parliament serving as the legislative branch. It is headed by the President of Somalia, to whom the Council of Ministers reports through the Prime Minister.


Council members

President:

Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed


Prime Minister

Hassan Ali Khayre


Deputy Prime Minister

Mahdi Ahmed Khadar


Ministers

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Ahmed Ise Awad


Ministry of Interior and Federal Affairs

Abdi Mohamed Sabriye


Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Ahmed Ise Awad


Ministry of Interior and Federal Affairs

Abdi Mohamed Sabriye


Ministry of Finance

Abdirahman Duale Beyle


Ministry of Defense

Hassan Ali Mohamed


Ministry of Education

Abdullahi Godah Barre


Ministry of Constitutional Affairs

Salah Ahmed Jama


Ministry of Humanitarian and Disaster Management

Hamza Said Hamza


Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation

Jamal Mohamed Hassan


Ministry of Ports and Marine Transport

Maryan Aweys


Ministry of Air Transport and Aviation

Mohamed Abdullahi Salad


Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications

Abdi Anshur Hassan


Ministry of Livestock and Pasture

Hussein Sheikh Mohamud Hussein


Ministry of Commerce and Industry

Abdullahi Ali Hassan


Ministry of Public Works and Reconstruction[a]

Abdi Aden Hosow


Ministry of Religious Affairs

Sheikh Nur Mohamed Hassan


Ministry of Women and Human Rights

Deeqa Yasin Hajji Yusuf


Ministry of Internal Security

Mohamed Abukar Islow Dualle


Ministry of Agriculture

Said Hussein Iid


Ministry of Health and Social Care (Somalia)

Fowsiya Abiikar Nur


Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources

Abdullahi Bidhan Warsame


Ministry of Youth and Sports

Khadijo Mohamed Diriye


Ministry of Information

Mohamed Abdi Hayr


Ministry of Justice

Hassan Hussein Hajji


Minister of Labour

Sadik Warfa


Ministry of Power and Water

Fowziyo Mohamed Sheik

After years of civil war and battling Al Shabaab militants Somalia seems to be putting itself back together. Through ISXILQAN (Self-help) program, the construction of theatre is expected to be completed in a course less than a year.




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About Me

Hi

My name is Mustafa Mmj, I love to travel. My biggest passion is traveling the world and experiencing new adventures and cultures. I live for it. I was born in Mogadishu and  live in Munich, but most years I manage to get three months off from my job to travel the world and write about what I see, hear, feel and do.

Then I go back to work with my heart full and start saving and planning for my next adventure to a new destination.

Sometimes, I find destinations that I just cannot get enough of, and then I have to return there to learn and experience even more.

Some of the countries I have been to are Turkey, Qatar, Italy, Norway, Sweden, Somalia, Austria, Greece and Denmark.

 

My goal is to build FREE travel guides, where I can share my experiences and whatever lessons I pick up along the way.

I hope you enjoy my travels and please let me know if you have any questions. I love receiving comments and emails about the blog posts that I write.

Bye for now.

Mustafe

 

 

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